What are sugar gliders?
Petaurus Breviceps aka Sugar gliders, are small marsupials that originated in Australia, Indonesia and New Guinea, but now can be found on almost every continent as pets. Sugar gliders are a colony type animal that lives in colonies as large as 7-12 animals in a single tree hollow in the wild, with territories approximately 2 acres per colony. However kept as pets their colonies are normally no larger than 2-4 in a large cage but very small compared to what they have in the wild. Sugar gliders generally live up to 6-8 years of age in the wild, but can live up to 15 years in captivity.
Male sugar gliders have a bifurcated penis since females have 2 vagina's and 2 uteri. Male testicles are located on their lower belly that resembles a pom pom and thats exactly what we call them "Poms". They have scent glands on their chest, cloaca and most notably on the top of their heads. The scent gland on the top of their head gives the appearance that they have a bald spot because of the oils that it secretes. A sure fire give away that a male is not neutered is from the bald spot on the top of their head. Neutered males stop producing the oils that causes the musky scent that intact males are associated with. Males can be neuterd by your vet either pom on or pom off, and as young as 8 weeks out of pouch. and there is no age limit to when you shouldn't get a male neutered however you should always consult with your vet if your concerned about his age.
Female sugar gliders have a pouch much like other marsupials and give birth to tiny embryo's the size of a piece of rice and both parents create a licky trail to help guide the embryo's that are blind and have to crawl up from the mothers cloaca to inside her pouch where it will attach to a nipple and stay there for about 70 days delevoping into the cute joeys that we all know and love. Once they are out of pouch they will continue to nurse for 6-12 weeks. Most breeders do not let their joeys go home before 8-10 weeks old, we here at Newby's Glider Nook are no different.
Both male and female sugar gliders have a cloaca. They breed, give birth and relieve themselves out of their cloaca.